environmental and healthy house

Housing is intimately linked with local and national
planning of social and economics policies as well as custom,
economics, education and tradition conditions. The World Health
Organization (WHO) Expert Committee on The Public Health Aspects
of Housing at its meeting in Geneva in 1961 stated that housing is
more than the physical structure and recommended to substitute for
housing to the term residential environment, meaning the physical
structure that man uses for shelter and the environs of that structure
including all necessary services, facilities, equipment and devices
needed and desire for the physical and mental health and social well
being of the family and the individual.
The residential environment is a core element of community
planning. For example, new and existing housing in built up areas is
usually connected with community wide or regional sewerage and
water supply system, and is served by an area wide refuse collection
and disposal organization. The neighborhood that constitutes the
residential environment depends on larger segment of the total
community for schools, transportation, communication, employment,
health facilities, and other public services. Environmental health
administrator and public health engineer have primary responsibility to
serve as an effective member of, or active participant in the
deliberations and relevant programs of concerned local a nd national
agencies. All recognize housing improvement to be a major objective
of improved economic and social development and necessary for
improved health and environmental conditions.
Conditions of housing and residential environmental as well
as its assessments are clearly stated in Decree of Health Ministry of
Republic Indonesia No. 829/Menkes/SK/VII/1999. People agree that
housing is a prerequisite for mental health although it is difficult to
prove the relationship. Futhermore research concluded that people
live at the slum area has increase incident of communicable diseases
and home accident compared to people live at sanitary housing and
clean residential environment.
by Soedjajadi Kemanbagian Kesehatan Lingkungan FKM Universitas Airlangga

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