Health and Professional Organizations (4)
National Environmental Health Association (NEHA)
NEHA originated in California in the late 1930s to establish a standard for environmental health. This has become the credentialing examination now known as the Registered Environmental Health Specialist/Registered Sanitarian. The association now administers seven credential programs. One of the purposes of the association is to promote cooperation among environmental health professionals to assist in resolving global environmental health concerns.
Address: 720 South Colorado Boulevard, South Tower, Suite 970, Denver, CO 80246
Web Site: http://www.neha.org
National Health Information Center (NHIC)
NHIC is a branch of the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion in the U. S. Department of Health and Human Services, designed as a referral service center to put people with health questions in touch with specific organizations that are able to best answer their questions.
Web Site: http://www.health.gov/nhic
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
NHLBI is one of the constituents of the National Institutes of Health, established to provide leadership in programs related to diseases of the heart, lungs, and blood as well as sleep disorders. NHLBI conducts and supports research and demonstration projects in all aspects of heart, blood, and lung disorders. It also operates an information center to disseminate information, including relevant publications on matters of the heart, lungs, and blood.
Address: Building 31, Room 5A52, 31 Center Drive, MSC 2486, Bethesda, MD 20892
Web Site: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
NIOSH is the federal agency that conducts research and makes recommendation for preventing injury and illness at the worksite. NIOSH is housed in the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, headquartered in Washington, D.C., and is part of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The organization also focuses on education and training in occupational health and safety and provides national leadership in the prevention of occupational injuries for all employees in the workplace.
Web Site: http://www.cdc.gov/niosh
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
NIMH is the largest scientific institute in the world with a primary focus on mental disorders. The institute directs federal efforts to promote mental health, prevent and treat brain disorders and mental illness, and rehabilitate those who suffer from mental conditions.
NIMH conducts and supports research on the biological, psychological, behavioral, clinical, and epidemiological aspects of mental health and on disorders of the brain and mind. In addition, it funds the training of researchers, provides professional assistance to the states and community organizations responsible for mental health programs, and disseminates research findings to health care professionals, the media, and the public.
Address: 6001 Executive Boulevard, Room 8184, Bethesda, MD 20892 Web Site: http://www.nimh.nih.gov
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)
NIAAA leads the federal government’s efforts to reduce the enormous health, social, and economic consequences of alcohol abuse and alcoholism. NIAAA operates a research program encompassing a wide range of research in the biomedical and behavioral sciences to include health risks and benefits, prevention, and treatment.
NIAAA supports intramural research facilities, promotes a variety of research efforts, and fosters the development of effective treatment and prevention through the circulation of research findings to health care providers and professionals. The institute has also expanded research on public policy issues such as alcohol taxation, alcohol consumption, warning labels, and drinking-and-driving laws to provide a scientific basis for the development and assessment of public policy.
Address: 6000 Executive Boulevard, Bethesda, MD 20892 Web Site: http://www.niaaa.nih.gov
National Institute on Drug Abuse (N IDA)
NIDA, established in 1974, is the leading federal agency for research on the incidence and prevalence of drug abuse, its causes and consequences, and improved methods of prevention and treatment of drug abuse, with the intention of increasing knowledge and solving problems associated with drug abuse and improving understanding of the effects of drugs.
NIDA supports research on effective prevention and treatment of drug abuse and on the role of drug abuse as a factor in the spread of AIDS. Research findings are usually presented in NIDA research monographs, available from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
Address: 6000 Executive Boulevard, Room 5213, Bethesda, MD 20892 Web Site: http://www.drugabuse.gov
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
NIH started in the late 1880s and is currently the leading federal agency in health research within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Headquartered in Bethesda, Maryland, “NIH is the steward of medical and behavioral research for the Nation. Its mission is science in pursuit of fundamental knowledge about the nature and behavior of living systems and the application of that knowledge to extend healthy life and reduce the burdens of illness and disability. The goals of the agency are as follows: (1) foster fundamental creative discoveries, innovative research strategies, and their applications as a basis to advance significantly the Nation’s capacity to protect and improve health; (2) develop, maintain, and renew scientific human and physical resources that will assure the Nation’s capability to prevent disease; (3) expand the knowledge base in medical and associated sciences in order to enhance the Nation’s economic well-being and ensure a continued high return on the public investment in research; and (4) exemplify and promote the highest level of scientific integrity, public accountability, and social responsibility in the conduct of science” (National Institutes of Health, 2003).
Web Site: http://www.nih.gov
National Women’s Health Information Center
The National Women’s Health Information Center is a federal government source for women’s health information, maintaining a Web site and a toll- free call center. It was created to provide free, reliable health information for women everywhere.
Call Center: (800) 994-9662; TDD (888) 220-5446 (both toll-free) Web Site: http://www.4woman.gov
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
OSHA is a federal agency responsible for injury prevention and health protection of workers or employees. It establishes standards and enforces those standards. OSHA also provides technical assistance and training as well as consultation to agencies and organizations and inspects sites to ensure that standards are followed in an effort to reduce occupational hazards and promote safety at work for all workers.
Web Site: http://www.osha.gov
Planned Parenthood Federation of America
Planned Parenthood is the world’s largest and most trusted voluntary reproductive health care organization. Founded by Margaret Sanger in 1916 as America’s first birth control clinic, Planned Parenthood believes in everyone’s right to choose when or whether to have a child, that every child should be wanted and loved, and that women should be in charge of their own destinies. There are a number of branches of this organization in several states.
Address: 1780 Massachusetts Avenue, N.W., Washington, DC 20036
Public Health electronic Library (PHeL)
The Public Health electronic Library is a national “one-stop shop” for all information relating to public health. It aims to provide knowledge and know-how to promote health, prevent disease, and reduce health inequities. Its primary audience is professionals in the public health community. PHeL is a specialist library of the National electronic Library for Health.
Web Site: http://www.phel.gov.uk
Public Health Foundation (PHF)
PHF is a national, private, nonprofit organization dedicated to achieving healthy communities through research, training, and technical assistance. PHF assists health agencies and other community health system organizations by providing objective information in areas such as health improvement planning, understanding and using data, and improving performance.
Address: 1220 L Street, N.W., Suite 350, Washington, DC 20005 Web Site: http://www.phf.org
Public Health Institute (PHI)
PHI, founded in 1964, is an independent, nonprofit organization dedicated to promoting health and quality of life for people throughout California, across the nation, and worldwide. PHI promotes and sustains independent, innovative research, training, and demonstration programs, many in collaboration with the private health care system and community-based organizations. PHI also serves as a partner with government to support its role in assessment, policy development, and assurance. The quality programs and projects of PHI improve the health of people and communities and inform the development of public policy. The institute is a resource for researchers and professionals who view the social, environmental, economic, and demographic changes in our communities in terms of the impact on health.
Address: 555 Twelfth Street, 10th Floor, Oakland, CA 94607 Web Site: http://www.phi.org
Society for Behavioral Medicine (SBM)
SBM aims at fostering the development and application of knowledge concerning the interrelationships of health, illness, and behavior. It is concerned with developing and integrating knowledge and techniques from behavioral, psychological, and biomedical sciences, through research and practice, in order to better understand health and illness and to influence health care.
Address: 7600 Terrace Avenue, Suite 203, Middleton, WI 53562 Web Site: http://www.sbm.org
Society for Public Health Education (SOPHE)
SOPHE is a national professional service organization, formed in 1950, to promote, encourage, and contribute to the health of all people by stimulating research, developing criteria for professional preparation, elevating performance standards for the practice of health education, promoting networking among health education professionals and public health students, and advocating policy and legislation affecting health education and health promotion.
SOPHE is the only professional organization devoted exclusively to public health education and health promotion. The organization publishes the journals Health Education Quarterly and Health Promotion Practice and a quarterly newsletter, News and Views.
SOPHE sponsors annual and midyear scientific conferences and offers continuing education for professional development of its Certified Health Education Specialists (CHES) members. SOPHE also works with advisory boards and coalitions at the national, state, and local levels to influence health promotion practice and policy decisions. It serves to stimulate peer exchange through its annual membership directory and supports ethical health education research by promoting the SOPHE Code of Ethics.
SOPHE recognizes professional excellence and leadership through Distinguished Fellow, Student Paper, and Program Excellence Awards. The society has many chapters in many states.
Address: 750 First Street, N.E., Suite 910, Washington, DC 20002 Web Site: http://www.sophe.org
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)
SAMHSA is the leading federal agency responsible for improving prevention services for substance abuse and mental illnesses. It was established as an agency of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) by an act of Congress in 1992. “With the stroke of a pen, an agency, separate and distinct from the National Institutes of Health or any other agency within the HHS, was created to focus attention, programs, and funding on improving the lives of people with or at risk for mental and substance abuse disorders” (SAMHSA, 2003).
To promote accountability, enhance capacity, and ensure effectiveness, “SAMHSA tracks national trends, establishes measurement and reporting systems, develops and promotes standards to monitor service systems, and works to achieve excellence in management practices in mental health services, addiction treatment, and substance abuse prevention; assessing resources, supporting systems of community-based care, improving service financing and organization, and promoting a strong, well-educated workforce, SAMHSA enhances the Nation’s capacity to serve people with or at risk of mental and substance abuse disorders. The Agency also helps assure service effectiveness through the continuous improvement of services and workforce by assessing service delivery practices, identifying and promoting evidence-based approaches to care, implementing and evaluating innovative services, and providing workforce skills training” (SAMHSA, 2003).
Web Site: http://www.samhsa.gov
United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF)
UNICEF, also known as the United Nations Children’s Fund, was established after World War II to assist children in war-torn Europe, mainly through the distribution of powdered milk from the United States. As conditions improved, attention expanded from Europe to needy children throughout the world.
UNICEF instituted programs to control communicable diseases in children, provide clean drinking water, protect children’s rights, and promote improved child survival, nutrition, health care, and education to improve the health of children globally.
UNICEF was a cosponsor of the Alma Ata conference in 1978 on primary health care (see Alma Ata Declaration in Part One). Funding is through contributions, sale of greeting cards, monies from government and nongovernmental organizations, and other sources (Basch, 1990).
Address: 3 United Nations Plaza, New York, NY 10017 Web Site: http://www.unicef.org
United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
EPA, formed in 1970, is an independent agency of the United States government. It is the primary federal agency charged with protecting human health and safeguarding the natural environment—air, water, and land systems on which life depends.
EPA has been working for a cleaner, healthier environment for the American people. It strives to formulate and implement actions to lead to a compatible balance between human activities and the ability of natural systems to support and nurture life and is responsible for ensuring health and environmental protection. EPA leads the nation’s environmental science, research, education, and assessment efforts and publishes a quarterly journal.
Address: 1200 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W., Washington, DC 20460 Web Site: http://www.epa.gov
Wellness Councils of America (WELCOA)
Based in Omaha, Nebraska, WELCOA was founded in 1987 as a national nonprofit membership organization dedicated to promoting healthier lifestyles for all Americans through health promotion initiatives at the work- site. WELCOA serves as an umbrella, linking communities and coalitions together into a supportive network that includes locally affiliated Wellness Councils, Well City initiatives, Well Workplaces, and individual and corporate members throughout the United States.
In addition to helping organizations build structurally sound wellness programs, WELCOA serves as a national clearinghouse and information center on worksite wellness and responds to requests for information and materials by publishing a number of sourcebooks, a monthly newsletter, and brochures and conducting numerous training seminars.
Address: 9802 Nicholas Street, Suite 315, Omaha, NE 68114 Web Site: http://www.welcoa.org
World Health Organization (WHO)
WHO is an agency of the United Nations that serves as the premier organization in the field of health worldwide. It was established on April 7, 1948, a day annually commemorated as World Health Day. Intended to assist people in attaining the best possible health, WHO is financed by dues from member countries, voluntary funds, and contributions from several sources.
Headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, with regional headquarters in Europe, the eastern Mediterranean, Africa, Southeast Asia, the western Pacific, and the Americas and collaborating centers and offices in many countries, WHO provides services to governments and central technical services such as information on health aspects of travel and commerce, international standardization of vaccines and pharmaceuticals, and literature disseminating knowledge on world health problems. WHO is committed to major policy decisions affecting the health of people globally, training health personnel, providing services to governments as requested, and assisting governments in reviewing and evaluating health needs and resources.
Address: 525 Twenty-Third Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20037